Louisiana and World War I

LaRC preserves materials about the role of Louisianians in all of America's major conflicts, but a special strength of our department is Louisiana and World War I. Among our holdings are:

Alray-Westfeldt letter, M126, 1914, 1 piece.
Alray attempts to justify the entrance of the British into the First World War.

American Protective League, Manuscripts Collection 487, 1918, 49 pieces.
According to the APL’s letterhead, it was "organized with approval and operation under the direction of the U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Investigation." Directors of its New Orleans office were Charles Weinberger, Chief, and A.G. Newmeyer and M.M. Levy, Deputy Chiefs. The collection is mainly circulars from the league office calling meetings or ordering general investigations and carbons of reports made by agent # 849 [Ralph Levy?] to the league, regarding persons suspected of pro-German sentiments. Most of the investigations were based on vague accusations made by informants; the reports reveal little tangible evidence to support the allegations.

Mavis H. Bart letters, M208, 1911-1917, 9 pieces.
Letter from [Bart?], a native of San Francisco, resident in Europe, to an officer in the U.S. Army. The correspondence contains accounts of impressions of European cities visited and descriptions of the behavior of other Americans. Of special interest are two letters written during World War I that reflect the conditions of civilians in France during the conflict.

Mrs. Renee Samuel Bear oral interview, Manuscripts Collections 613 (11, 14, 17), taped interview of June 25, 1975 (Dorothy Schlesinger), 4 ½ hours.
Friends of the Cabildo Oral History Project. Mrs. Bear discusses the history of the Samuel family who arrived from France in Gretna in 1810, the only Jewish family there; her education; her father’s success as a railroal and river salvage agent; her involvement in the woman’s suffrage movement and civic matters; becoming a nurse and working with Dr. Rudolf Matas on the first continuous intravenous infusion; working with Dr. Lemann on testing insulin insulin therapy for diabetics; going deaf; taking over the family salvage business; Covington as a tuberculosis colony, 1914-1915, where her husband died; bond drives during World War I and military registration of Mandeville octoroons who wished to register as whites; William Oswald, a German and associate of Thomas Edison, whose Covington estate was destroyed during World War I by anti-German citizens, and Oswald’s role in electrifying the 1885 Cotton Esposition; her civic works with the B’Nai B’Rith, the Council of Jewish Women, etc.

Col. Bryan Black World War I papers, Manuscripts Collection 97, 1918-1919, 1573 pieces.
Primarily correspondence of Col. Black, member of the 140th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces, stationed at Messac and Valdahon, France, during World War I. Although the letters are chiefly to his family and are concerned primarily with family matters, they also tell of his travels to Paris, Versailles, St. Morent, Monte Carlo and other French cities, and, as far as censorship permitted, give information about conditions in camp, at the front, and in other parts of France.

Letters from his wife tell about the family in New Orleans. Of special interest is the collection is Col. Black’s diary describing his daily activities from July 28, 1918 to June 2, 1919. Also included are books, pamphlets, photographs, picture postcards, and a two-volume set of stereographic pictures of World War I.

Dr. Muir Bradburn papers, Manuscripts Collection 170, 1918-[1918-1920]-1952, 525 pieces.
Medical records of patients treated by Bradburn while staff surgeon in the Tulane Unit at Base Hospital 24 in Limoges, France, during World War I. After the war Bradburn corresponded with some of his former patients about their progress.

Albert R. Chandler letter, M248, 1918, 1 piece.
Letter from Chandler, then with the American Red Cross near Venice, January 25, 1918, describing Red Cross activities in Milan and Venice and Italy’s part in the war.

Thomas Bayne Denegre papers, Manuscripts Collection 662, 1911-1965.
A small portion of this collection concerns Denegre’s service as a Second Lieutenant in France.

Arthur Adolph Diettel photographs, M236, 1887-1918, 6 pieces.
Photographs of Captain Arthur Adolph Diettel with pictures taken at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana, in 1918. Diettel died in an accident at the camp.

Willard Andrew Dodd letters, Manuscripts Collection 888, 1917-1919, 1 mss box.
Letters written by Willard Andrew Dodd during his army career in World War I to his family in Iowa. Letters originate from Section #83, USAAC, Allentown PA training camp, England, and France. Includes originals and typed transcripts with introduction and comments by Barbara Dodd Capdevielle.

Capt. Inman F. Eldredge correspondence, Manuscripts Collection 303, 1917-1919, 67 pieces.
Correspondence between Capt. Eldredge and his wife written while Eldredge was in the army during World War I. (Addition to the Landrum-Eldredge Collection).

Dr. Ralph Prosser Evans letter, M538, 1919 1 piece.
Letter from Dr. Evans to Elizabeth Kell, his niece, dated March 19, 1919. Dr. Evans served with the medical corps in World War I and the letter gives some general information as to his actions in France.

War Proclamation

A War Angelus proclaimed by the St. Landry Council of Defense, September 12, 1918. An Angelus is a Catholic prayer said at specific times of the day. Click the image to see a larger version and to read a transcription of the text.

Louisiana Council of Defense collection, Manuscripts Collection 847

Fedoroff family papers, Manuscripts Collection 377, 1917-1948, 35 pieces.
Includes photograph album and army songbook of Corporal D. Fedoroff, 114th French Mortar Battery (1918), list of places he passed through while in the army (1918), and World War I memorabilia, particularly as it pertains to the Washington Artillery.

Charles L. Foster collection, B169, 1914-1918, 25 pieces in 1 volume.
Documents concerning World War I collected by Foster. Includes troop strength and casualty graphs, troop position maps, and Pershing’s report.

French army operations, M945, reports, 1918, 1 item.
Typed carbons of reports of the operation of the French army on the Western front from 21 March to 5 June 1918, prepared by the staff of General Petain. Includes operations at Amiens, Oise, Reims, and Noyon. In French, 23 pages.

Hutson family papers, Manuscripts Collection 140, 1807-1955, 12,488 pieces.
Box 72, folders 8, 9, and 10 contain letters (in French) from Maria Urgon, Murat, France, and her two sons, Pierre and Jules, thanking the Hutsons for the help they gave via Fraternite Franco-Americaine. Includes reports on the family and their situation by the organization and form letters and folders explaining the Fraternite Franco-Americaine.

Susie B. Keane letterss, M798, September and November 1918, 2 pieces.
Two letters from friends in the YMCA: one in France with the American Expeditionary Force, the other at the Norfolk, Virginia, naval base, about the death of a common friend.

Lemann family papers, Manuscripts Collection 168.
Box 2, folders 9-16 contain letters from Lt. Jacob (Jack) Lemann to his family while he was with the U.S. Army in France, as a member of Co. B., 3rd Corps Artillery Park, September 1918 to May 1919.

Box 10, Folder 36 contains the pamphlet L’Americaine by Marie Kahn Heyne (Cincinnati, Ohio, 1943). Among other topics, Mrs. Heyne writes of her family adventures in trying to escape Europe during the first months of World War I.

Louisiana Council of Defense, Manuscripts Collection 847, 1917-1919, .2 linear feet.
Related to World War I defense programs in Louisiana. Mainly State Council directives and letters to parishes. Topics include war jobs, food, morale, loyalty and sedition, road construction, Liberty Bonds, women, demobilization.

Louisiana Historical Association Collection, 55-N, New Orleans Collection, Societies and Clubs, American Red Cross, Belgian Relief Fund, 1918-1919, 55 pieces.
Box 11, folders 1-8 contain correspondence and printed circulars regarding the work of Mrs. George Denegre, Director of Refugee Garments, Gulf Division, American Red Cross, to raise money, food and clothing for the Belgian Relief Fund. Includes reprints of two letters from the Queen of Belgium thanking Mrs. Denegre and the people of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama for their generosity.

Louisiana Historical Association Collection, 55-S, Camp Nicholls Soldiers’ Home records.
Letter, April 16, 1921, from W. charles White, Chair, Committee on Hospitalization, Washington, to John M. Parker, Governor of Louisiana, requesting information on the State Soldiers’ Home and seeking cooperation between the Nationa and State Soldiers’ Homes for the care of WWI disabled veterans.

April 19, 1921, John M. Parker to the Board of Administrators, Soldiers’ Home, enclosing letter from W. Charles White and requesting them to express their views on the advisability of the plan.

May 17, 1921, President of the Board of Directors, Camp Nicholls Soldiers’ Home, to John M. Parker, replying that the home would be willing to help the World War I veterans and asking to what degree the home could be of assistance.

McConnell family papers, Manuscripts Collection 156.

Box 4, folder 3-6 contain letters by Samuel Logan McConnell written while stationed at Ft. Roots, Arkansas, and Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas; May – July 1917.

Box 4, folder 7-9 contain letters by Lt. James McConnell III to his mother while with the U.S. Army in France. He describes the towns where he was stationed (Chalus, Limoges, Paris, Angers, Vincennes, and others) and freely expresses his opinions and reactions to French people and customs, Allied soldiers of other nationalities, and different ethnic units from the U.S.

Markle family papers, Pearl River series, Manuscripts Collection 371(C).
Includes several World War I army maps of the Alsace and Lorraine areas, in addition to papers of the Donald Markle family.

Leon R. Maxwell papers, Manuscripts Collection 62, 1870-1957, 1181 pieces.
Box 1, folder 4, Box 6, folder 2, and bound volume 12 document Maxwell’s war service and war rationing.

World War I Postcard collection, 1916, 17 items.
A collections of French World War I fabric postcards. Three cards have portraits of King George V, Lord Kitchener, and Marshal Jaffre. Three show the destruction of Reims, Arras and Somme in France. The rest are embroidered with patriotic or sentimental designs.

Caroline Francis Richardson letter, Manuscripts Collection 428, 1919, 1 piece.
Letter from Richardson to Mr. Dixon concerning the Newcomb College Relief Unit.

Adolph J. Sabath papers, Manuscripts Collection 203, c. 1866 – 1953, c. 1500 items.
Congressman from Chicago, 1906-1952, where he served for many years as Chair of the House Rules Committee. Contains notes dictated by Sabath to a biographer regarding the assistance he gave the Roumanian government in obtaining a war loan.

Charles Saulnier summary, B246, 1914-1919, 1 piece.
Summary of memories of a French-speaking World War I soldier who left San Francisco in 1914 to fight for the French. He describes in detail German atrocities from his experience in France, Belgium, and Alsace. He also discusses the fighting methods of the Zoaves and Americans; the Chateau Thierry attack; Generals Clemenceau, Foch, Helm; the army of Paris; and his physical condition before and after the war.

Photo of Natalie Vivian Scott
Natalie Vivian Scott was one of only three Red Cross workers to serve in World Wars I and II. She returned to America from World War I a war heroine, the only American woman in the war to earn France’s highest medal for courage, the Croix de Guerre. Click the image to learn more about this remarkable war hero, celebrated newspaperwoman, award winning playwright, wilderness explorer, Red Cross nurse, translator, teacher and social worker.

Natalie Vivian Scott (1890-1957) papers (1856-1967), Manuscripts Collection 123, 2007 pieces.
Correspondence, photographs, newspaper articles, family papers, and other documents concerning Scott’s education at Newcomb College (1909); Red Cross service in World Wars I and II and Korea; journalism in New Orleans in the 1920s and her column "Peggy Passe Partout;" and life in Taxco, Mexico, in the 1930s and 1950s, where she founded a children’s nursery.

Arthur M. Shaw diaries, Manuscripts Collection 236, 1897-1942.
Volumes 20 and 21 record Shaws work with the Army Corps of Engineers and his involvement in the building of Camp Beauregard and other camps in Louisiana during World War I.

Clifford Hoey Stem (1893-1963) papers, Manuscripts Collection 523, 1910-1963, .5 linear feet.
Mostly photographs of Stem, a New Orleans engineer and businessman, his family, and friends. Also mementos of the Boys’ High School in New Orleans and some correspondence, especially regarding Stem’s trip to France as part of the American Expeditionary Force in 1917. Related collection: John Hoey Collection, Manuscripts Collection 780.

Eleanor P. Thompson papers, Manuscripts Collection 61.
Box 3, folder 9 contains World War I era patriotic bulletins.

Tippin-Wild family papers, Manuscripts Collection 770, 1852-1919, 107 items.
Letters of the Tippin family of Conecuh County, Alabama, and the World War I letters of John C. Wild to his wife. Includes legal documents of Philip H. Tippin; Civil War letters of Augustus C. Tippin of the 1st and 3rd Consolidated Florida Regiment of Tennessee and Mississippi; family letters during the Civil War; and John C. Wild’s letters to his wife from France during World War I.

Trible family papers, B329, 1918-1921, 1837, one bound volume.
Bound typescripts of John Metcalf Trible’s World War I diary (with amplifications written 1920-21); letters of John Trible to his family during the Civil War; and an epilogue of Trible family history. Compiled by John Metcalf rible in 1937.

Paul Villere speech, M459, 1917, 1 piece.
"My Trip to France" by Paul Villere, 19-page booklet of speech delivered by Villere to the employees of the Hibernia Bank and Trust Company.

de la Villesbret papers, Manuscripts Collection 84, 1534-(1650-1918)-1937, 2711 pieces.
Military papers, box 30, folders 1-17, 179 pieces. Letters by Lt. Alain Garnier de la Villesbret tohis mother in Paris, written while he was with the French troops in northern France. Includes a citation he received in September of 1918. Letter of July 10, 1919, describes how the French soldiers were greeted in Paris after the signing of the peace treaty.

France’s highest medal for courage, the Croix de Guerre.

Virginia Westbrook papers, Manuscripts Collection 850, 1916-[1918-1940]-1952, 1 linear foot.
Maude Virginia Carradine Westbrook, 1885-1959, was a music teacher, author, and poet. She taught at Newcomb College from 1914-1939 and served as a Red Cross worker in France from 1918 to 1919. Contains scrapbooks, manuscripts, newsclips photos, and poems.

W. Charlton White papers, Manuscripts Collection 125, 1846-[1872-1889]-1945, 1362 pieces.
Box 8 contains items from 1902 to 1917, including correspondence to his parents and papers, photographs, and souvenirs of White pertaining to World War I.

Willie Wolff diaries, Manuscripts Collection 777, 1914-1919, 18 items.
Principally six diaries of Wolff, a German citizen working in England at the outbreak of World War I. He was imprisoned for the duration of the war and recorded his prison treatment, living conditions, and activities. In German. Also includes twelve books on religious themes.

World War I scrapbook, B333, 1916-1918, 1 bound volume.
Scrapbook, perhaps compiled by a Latrobe relative, containing poems and pictorial clippings relating to World War I.

World War I warfront photographs, B215, 1914-1916, 257 photographs in 1 volume.
257 black and white photographs taken on the British western front in France during World War I and issued by various press agencies. There are also scenes of civilian life in France, of British Navy vessels, and of King George V visiting the front lines.